As parents, we worry about our high school student’s transition to college. There’s a lot to do to get ready for that important first year, and multiple checklists to guide us.
We feel less comfortable knowing what should happen the summer after freshman year to help prepare students for year two of college. (Fewer checklists!)
The college still cares very much about your returning students and their continued success, but as attention turns to incoming first year students, rising sophomores lose their “special” status. Typically they receive less communication from the school. This may lead to second-year students feeling a bit detached from the whole experience of college — especially over the summer.
It's important to maintain a healthy balance — in this case, between a well-deserved break from academic pressures and using the summer months to move forward. Give your student time to catch up on sleep, relish some home-cooked meals, do laundry, visit with friends, binge watch a little TV... and then consider some ways to keep your student engaged and excited to begin their sophomore year.
Start by reflecting on the year past.
Suggest that your student evaluate the lessons of freshman year in order to build on them. Some conversation starters:
What classes did you love? Which ones didn't thrill you? Why?
What were your grades like? Are there reasons they were good — or not so good?
If you could relive the year, what would you do differently?
Can you sum up the biggest lesson you learned this past year in a sentence? What can you do with this information?
Students who use the summer wisely don't view college as a nine month experience followed by three months of “down time.” A break is important, but when they stay engaged they're primed to take their sophomore experience to a higher level.
Next, look ahead.
After reflecting on the successes and challenges of freshman year, your student can lay the groundwork for a great second year. Using just a few of the following suggestions can arm your student for sophomore success.
Confirm their major. If they haven't already, most likely your student will need to declare a major sophomore year. If they're still undecided, or have changed their mind, do they have a plan for exploring options? What can they do over the summer to investigate potential fields of study?
Think about a possible minor. A minor can be a great companion to a major and set a student apart from the competition. What minors are available at your student’s school?
Look at the big picture. With a better understanding of the college curriculum and requirements, your student can map out a plan (always with flexibility built in) for courses for the remaining college years. Consider requirements, course availability, and course sequencing when planning.
How about a summer class? Perhaps at a school close to home. This can give your student a few extra credits, help them complete a requirement, and keep them in “study mode” to smooth the transition back to campus in the fall.
Pre-0rder textbooks. Avoid the rush at the start of the semester — and possibly get better prices.
The more relaxed mood makes summer an ideal time to talk about career aspirations. What is your student's dream job? What steps are they taking to make that dream a reality?
Are there questions for the Career Office? This might be a good time to contact them since they may be less busy during the summer months.
Suggest that your student join a professional association related to their major or career. Most have student memberships at reduced rates. Membership will allow your student to become more familiar with professional expectations in their chosen field as well as view potential job postings.
Summer is also a perfect time for informational interviews with people in your student’s chosen field, networking opportunities, job shadowing, and internships. Gathering information over the summer may give new perspective to next year's classes.
Finally, recommend that your student clean up social media accounts or set up a LinkedIn account in preparation for internship and job searches.
Encourage your student to look for possible leadership opportunities and new activities — either at home over the summer or when they'll be returning to campus in the fall. Many employers rank leadership among the top qualities they look for when hiring.
If your student is considering an internship or study abroad experience in the next year or two, summer is a good time to do research. What are the options? What is the process? Can they take a language class right now?
Discuss finances and your family's values around money. Does your student have a budget and plan for after college? If not, find some time this summer to discuss ways of keeping track of spending and long term goals.
Vicki Nelson has more than thirty-five years of experience in higher education as a professor, academic advisor and administrator. She also has weathered the college parenting experience successfully with three daughters. She began her website, College Parent Central, to help college parents achieve the delicate balance of support, guidance, appropriate involvement, and knowing when to get out of the way.